The University of Bristol video has Gavin D'Costa saying all do not need to be Catholics to be saved and he cites Nostra Aetate 2, and a non Catholic being saved with 'a ray of Truth' in his religion.
The video infers that these cases saved, are known to us, they are visible in the flesh in 2014 for them to be exceptions to the traditional teaching of the Catholic Church which says all need to convert into the Church with no known exceptions.
Here is the text of Nostra Aetate 2 which does not state that there are explicit exceptions to the traditional dogma extra ecclesiam nulla salus . Neither does it say that the Church has changed its teachings on other religions and salvation.It does not mention that the dogma on exclusive salvation has been contradicted.
The University of Bristol video infers that there are known exceptions to the dogma; the deceased saved with ' a ray of Truth' are allegedly visible to us on earth. This is irrationality from academics. It is nonsense. Upon this irrational D'Costa builds a theology which says all do not need to enter the Catholic Church in the present times for salvation.
NOSTRA AETATE 2
2. From ancient times down to the present, there is found among various peoples a certain perception of that hidden power which hovers over the course of things and over the events of human history; at times some indeed have come to the recognition of a Supreme Being, or even of a Father. This perception and recognition penetrates their lives with a profound religious sense.
Religions, however, that are bound up with an advanced culture have struggled to answer the same questions by means of more refined concepts and a more developed language. Thus in Hinduism, men contemplate the divine mystery and express it through an inexhaustible abundance of myths and through searching philosophical inquiry. They seek freedom from the anguish of our human condition either through ascetical practices or profound meditation or a flight to God with love and trust. Again, Buddhism, in its various forms, realizes the radical insufficiency of this changeable world; it teaches a way by which men, in a devout and confident spirit, may be able either to acquire the state of perfect liberation, or attain, by their own efforts or through higher help, supreme illumination. Likewise, other religions found everywhere try to counter the restlessness of the human heart, each in its own manner, by proposing "ways," comprising teachings, rules of life, and sacred rites. The Catholic Church rejects nothing that is true and holy in these religions. She regards with sincere reverence those ways of conduct and of life, those precepts and teachings which, though differing in many aspects from the ones she holds and sets forth, nonetheless often reflect a ray of that Truth which enlightens all men. Indeed, she proclaims, and ever must proclaim Christ "the way, the truth, and the life" (John 14:6), in whom men may find the fullness of religious life, in whom God has reconciled all things to Himself.(4)
The Church, therefore, exhorts her sons, that through dialogue and collaboration with the followers of other religions, carried out with prudence and love and in witness to the Christian faith and life, they recognize, preserve and promote the good things, spiritual and moral, as well as the socio-cultural values found among these men.https://www.ewtn.com/library/councils/v2non.htm
Nostra Aetate 2 does not contradict Ad Gentes 7 which states:
Therefore, all must be converted to Him, made known by the Church's preaching, and all must be incorporated into Him by baptism and into the Church which is His body. For Christ Himself "by stressing in express language the necessity of faith and baptism (cf. Mark 16:16; John 3:5), at the same time confirmed the necessity of the Church, into which men enter by baptism, as by a door. -Ad Gentes 7,Vatican Council II
For the University of Bristol Nostra Aetate 2 would contradict Ad Gentes 7 since they assume, infer, postulate that those saved in other religions with ' ray of that Truth' is not invisible or us but visible in the flesh.For the university academics these are not subjective cases for us (they being known only to God) but objective, in the flesh and personally known cases on earth. So they become exceptions.
It is false for the University of Bristol to infer that the dead now in Heaven are visible to us and that Vatican Council II (Nostra Aetate) alleges that these deceased-saved are visible to us and are known exceptions to Catholic Tradition, including Ad Gentes 7.
RICHARD CUSHING ERROR
RICHARD CUSHING ERROR
At the Second Vatican Council (1962–1965) Cushing played a vital role in drafting Nostra Aetate-Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Cushing
Cardinal Richard Cushing first assumed that the baptism of desire was a known exception to the traditional interpretation of the dogma extra ecclesiam nulla salus. He placed restrictions on Fr.Leonard Feeney even though they did not personally know of a single case of a person saved with the baptism of desire or invincible ignorance, who could be an exception. There never ever were exceptions to the literal interpretation of Fr.Leonard Feeney. The baptism of desire etc were irrelevant since they are only possibilities known to God and explicit realities for us.
Similarly in Vatican Council II, Nostra Aetate, Cardinal Richard Cushing and the Jesuits in Boston only referred to what is implicit for us and accepted in principle i.e a person could be saved in another religion under certain conditions. However these cases are not explicit, nor exceptions to the dogma on exclusive salvation as it was taught by the Church Councils, popes and saints.
Fr. Leonard Feeney was expelled from the Jesuit community and Catholic professors were also expelled from Boston College even though the baptism of desire and being saved in invincible ignorance are not exceptions to extra ecclesiam nulla salus.
This same error of mixing up what is implicit as being explicit, what is hypothetical as being known in reality, is being made by Prof. Gavin D'Costa on the video available on the website sof the University of Bristol and the Conference of Catholic Bishops of England and Wales.
Nostra Aetate does not state there are defacto, known cases saved in other religions http://eucharistandmission.blogspot.it/2014/04/nostra-aetate-does-not-state-there-are.html#links
May 5, 2014
Two weeks and no clarification from the University of Bristol administration :objective error and factually incorrect information about the Catholic Church